A new trade agreement has been made between the United Kingdom and the European Union regarding the trades between Northern Ireland. According to the agreement, a new trade rule is being developed in an effort to alleviate the distress caused by post-Brexit tensions in Europe and the Irish Islands.
This agreement can result in resolving one of the most challenging tensions of the UK’s leaving the European Union, which is “the issue of imports and border checks.”
The Prime Minister of the UK, Rishi Sunak, said on this new deal, “This deal, known as the “Windsor Framework,” will promote “smooth flowing trade” around the UK border, “protect Northern Ireland’s place,” and “safeguard” Northern Ireland’s sovereignty.”
You Can Also Read: RISHI SUNAK: GOLDEN ERA OF UK-CHINA RELATIONS IS OVER
While talking about the deal, the tension-filled relationship between the UK and the EU has been acknowledged by Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission. According to her statement, “a new solution was required for both parties to make the most of our partnership. The EU and the UK must collaborate in Ukraine, and to do so, we must value each other’s perspectives and listen to the opposing viewpoint.”
In 2019, Boris Johnson, the ex-Prime Minister of the UK and the EU, made the Brexit deal, and the UK left the European Union in response to that. Since then, there have been certain issues prevailing in the Northern Ireland part, for which the recent deal was made so that the tension could be minimised. According to this agreement, there will be no hard border on Ireland’s islands, which means that goods will no longer need to be checked strictly between the Republic and the Province.
Benefits of this deal
According to Sunak, the new deal that has been signed recently will be helpful in protecting the free trade flow between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. To ease this process, there will be the creation of green and red lanes for goods flowing into Northern Ireland from Great Britain. The red lane will be used to check goods that have entered the Republic of Ireland, and these goods will be approved for further movement towards Northern Ireland after being checked in this red lane.
He said, “If foods are available in Britain’s supermarket, then it will be available in Northern Ireland too.” It means goods will move freely into these regions in any case of need.”
Rishi Sunak at the end announced a new “Stormont brake,” which will be a helpful tool in pulling an “emergency brake” on any laws that get imposed on the province by the EU in the future.
He said, “This tool will help this region establish an emergency brake for any changes in the EU’s goods rules that might have noteworthy effects on people’s lives.”
Among the points of the deal, the Stormont brake is noted as the most controversial one, as it gave rise to questions regarding the imposition of EU law on a country with sovereignty. The brake will start the use of an old mechanism from the Belfast Agreement, which was signed in 1998 in order to bring peace to Northern Ireland. But there is certain confusion about the usability of this brake.
Backlashes following the deal
Sunak is now facing a political backlash from hardline Euroskeptics within his own party. But there are many eminent Brexiteers who supported the deal and noted it as a blessing for them.
The largest pro-U.K. party in Northern Ireland, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), said “the deal has threatened Northern Ireland’s place within the UK.”
The protocol has faced staunch opposition from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), the largest pro-UK party in Northern Ireland, which argues that the deal threatens the province’s place within the UK.
Seeing the controversies from a number of sources, Sunak replied that these parties should vote on the issue of the making of this deal in the House of Commons at the “appropriate time.”
Will this new deal fix things in Northern Ireland?
Having no government at this moment is the biggest problem prevailing in Northern Ireland’s territory. According to the Belfast Agreement, the government of Northern Ireland should be established with representatives from both the Republican and Unionist communities.
It is important to note here that this tool will only work when there’s a government in Northern Ireland. But, considering all other factors, like the ease of movement of goods, the related parties as well as Ireland’s officials think that this tool will be a helpful mechanism for the region.
This deal was welcomed by the foreign minister of the Republic of Ireland, about which he said, “Northern Irish parties should act quickly to restore their government according to their agreement with Belfast.” “There is some time needed to consider the details of the deal,” he added, “but political leaders should now act as quickly as possible to grab this, so that they can put efforts into forming a government and responding to the needs of the general population of this country.”